Three Republicans backed him, with Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson’s confirmation parallel to Justice Neil M. Gorsuch’s bipartisan support.
Justice Gorsuch, President Donald J. Quickly nominated by Trump in 2017, he was a conservative judge at the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver, where he sat for more than a decade and wrote many opinions. George W. A former lawyer in the Bush administration, his prominent background and high-level clerkship were among the Supreme Court nominees who received widespread support.
But Justice Gorsuch was filling the void left by the death of conservative icon Justice Antonin Scalia, who died during a weekend trip to a hunting lodge in Texas in February 2016. Kentucky Senator Mitch McConnell, then-majority leader, President Barack Obama to Judge Merrick B. Garland refused to fill the vacancy. The ultimate tactic kept the seat open for a good part of a year, allowing Mr. Trump to fill it a few weeks after taking office in January 2017.
The sequence of events angered the Democrats; They were not in the mood to support the Trump nominee, no matter how deserving he was. Justice Gorsuch wanted to overcome the resistance, but he could not.
Democrats tried to make Judge Gorsuch a filibuster and managed to deny him the 60 votes needed to move forward. But Mr McConnell changed the rules governing Philibuster, led by Senate Republicans, to allow the debate over Supreme Court judges to be cut by a simple majority. Democrats had already lowered the threshold for lower court judges in 2013, when Mr. McConnell led the Republican blockade against them.
The change has paved the way for Justice Gorsuch and has become an important factor in making the Supreme Court fight more biased by allowing the nominees to be confirmed by a majority vote.
In the end, only three Democrats from the Conservative state – West Virginia Senator Joe Manchin III, North Dakota Heidi Hatecamp and Indiana Joe Donnelly – joined Republicans in supporting Justice Gorsuch by 54-45 votes. Colorado Senator Michael Bennett, a Democrat from Justice Gorsuch’s home state, voted against Philibaster but opposed the nomination.
When the next vacancy occurred in 2018, Justice Brett M. Cavanaugh contacted three Democrats to consult on Mr. Trump’s nomination before putting him in front. In the end, Mr. Manchin was the only Democrat to support Justice Kavanagh on sexual harassment charges.
Both Mrs. Hetcamp and Mr. Donnelly lost their seats in the midterm elections of 2018, and their votes against Justice Kavanagh – as well as the Republicans’ response to his explosive confirmation hearing – were cited as reasons for the defeat.
Of the three Republicans who support Judge Jackson, only Alaska Senator Lisa Murkowski is up for re-election this year. Maine Senator Susan Collins was re-elected in 2020, and Senator Mitt Romney’s term ends in 2024.
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