Emergency now: Emergency UN action is needed for Ukraine

Many are struggling to understand the world power’s refusal to implement the No-Fly-Zone (NFZ), at least in the western part of Ukraine (still) occupied by Russia. Its democratically elected president, Volodymyr Zelensky, has repeatedly called for his country. Ukraine is a founding member of the United Nations and the largest country in Europe entirely, with its geographical center. Russia has no rights there. The whole world has rejected its unwarranted and unjustified aggression at the UN General Assembly.

An NFZ instance exists, enough. NFZ can be justified as discharging R2P (“duty of protection”). The latest Pentagon-Polish confusion over the deployment of MiGs has not helped, but it does not have to be NATO, which is officially implementing it. An “allied alliance” for R2P / Ukraine, including with neutral countries, especially under UN mandate, is urgently needed, and should be a top priority for UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres. Implementing an NFZ and implementing R2P should maintain a ceasefire which is essential.

The installation of a cordon sanitizer to protect Ukraine’s nuclear power plants should also be a priority. Chernobyl’s urgency is due to the dramatic risk of power outages required for cooling due to overheating. But also for humanitarian corridors that need to be more about providing aid and protection than forcibly evicting civilians that only enables population decline or ethnic cleansing.

Time is running out for Ukraine and world peace. We face the abyss.

Under the precedent United for peace Modality (Resolution 377A of the UN General Assembly in 1950, derived from the Soviet veto during the Korean War), the UN General Assembly convenes an emergency special session, Russia is aware of the failure of the Security Council to fulfill its primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security due to its veto and has passed its resolution. A / RES / ES-11/1 on 2 March 2022. Notably, the resolution was passed by 141 member states, with more than two-thirds required, and with only 35 abstentions. Five very few votes Against Came from Russia, as well as other allied dictators, co-responsible and authorized Belarus, as well as from North Korea, Eritrea and Syria.

The resolution is a sharp rebuke to the regime of the Russian Federation, led by President Vladimir Putin and its ally Belarus. Resolution regrets In strong positions The aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine violates Article 2 (4) of the UN Charter. It is mandatory action to be taken by Russia, namely, that it Immediately stopped using his energy Refrains from any further illegal threats or coercion against Ukraine and any member state; And that Russia Immediately, completely and unconditionally withdraws all its military forces from the territory of Ukraine within the internationally recognized borders..

It calls on all parties to allow safe and uninterrupted civilian access to destinations outside Ukraine and to protect civilians, including humanitarian workers and those at risk, in order to facilitate quick, safe and unhindered access to humanitarian assistance as needed by Ukraine. Respect for the rights of women, the elderly, persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples, immigrants and children.

Despite the worldwide condemnation and the order to withdraw and withdraw, Russia and its rogue president continue unabashedly. Their outburst in this infamous unjust war is clear evidence of his and his government’s utter disregard for the world community, as evidenced by his refusal, not to mention the multiple deaths of leaders like French President Macron. And others have taken the initiative to persuade him otherwise.

More importantly, it is evidence of systematic contempt that he and, through him, the Russian Federation and indeed Belarus, the UN Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the rule of law, especially the Geneva Conventions, including international humanitarian law, and their explicit treaty obligations.

The humanitarian corridors that Putin’s own commanders have agreed to, the repeated failures to honor them for the 15th time, are evidence that Russia cannot be trusted today. Confidence in Russia has completely evaporated – there is little or no basis for trust in conducting any kind of negotiations. Yet Russia needs to be an important partner for world progress, not retreat.

Although, according to the International Court of Justice, “enforcement action” remains the exclusive domain of the UN Security Council, the General Assembly has the power to form a peacekeeping force.

The UN must do so immediately. It must combine an “alliance of aspirants” and craft, form and deploy a strong and adequately-equipped peacekeeping force or peacekeeping operation (PKO in the Jargon), using lessons learned and best practices from past PKOs. This will not necessarily be a NATO operation PerBut NATO members can actually participate.

Whether they like it or not, other European, neutral countries (for example Austria, Ireland, Finland, Sweden, Switzerland), and non-European states such as Australia, Brazil, Egypt, India, Israel, Japan, South Africa or others can. The PKO should include adequate air cover for the provision of humanitarian assistance, protection of civilians and peaceful movement / evacuation of the most at-risk individuals and eventual repatriation.

An air cover protection mandate should be further strengthened by the example of the “UN Protection Force” (UNPROFOR) deployed during the Bosnian war, whose deployment rules were limited to protecting aid convoys but not the civilian population under siege.

Indeed, the PKO, in terms of the scope of the UNGA resolution, should include Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders, ultimately the authority to cover the Donbas area of ​​Luhansk and Donetsk, and indeed Crimea. It should have a remittance to act as an interposition force to gradually increase the physical isolation of the warring forces, enabling the complete withdrawal of all invading Russian military units. It should be a capability to fulfill the Minsk agreement, to the extent that they remain significant and To assist the parties towards their full implementation to work constructively in the relevant international framework including the Normandy format and the Tripartite Contact Group.

The UN multilateral PKO takes time to deploy, but as a short-term stop-gap measure, the OSCE should deploy an advance around the NPPs by the Permanent Council for the Emergency Reconstruction of its Special Observation Mission in Ukraine. As a primary global humanitarian obligation, Russia must honor a cordon sanitizer around the NPP.

Outside of the immediate danger of decommissioning the NPPs, the UNGA resolution condemns the Russian Federation’s decision to increase its nuclear readiness and rejects world President Vladimir Putin’s destructive nuclear threat as a completely unacceptable one.

Ukraine, through its heroic President Zelensky, has requested a no-fly zone. NATO’s dismissal of such a notion should be considered a dismissal of its own collective involvement, not an idea. Indeed, for other countries, surrendering to such threats from non-NATO states and indeed the United Nations would be an extreme abrogation of the moral and legal duty. Rather, it calls for R2P (Responsibility to Protect) policy The At first glance Case for its application.

Although humanitarian intervention has been justified in various situations in the past, R2P focuses on only four mass atrocities: Genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and ethnicity To cleanRussia has been accused of carrying out large-scale bombings targeting civilian targets (city centers, administrative buildings, power plants, ports, civilian factories, schools, hospitals, residential complexes, shopping centers and other civilians) with growing evidence. ), As President Putin has repeatedly demonstrated and threatened.

So far, the war, started by one man, led by thousands of invading men, has forced more than 2 million Ukrainian civilians, mainly women and half a million children, to fly abroad safely. The UNHCR estimates that this could soon reach a total of 4 million.

This is a make-or-break situation for the UN. Either it saved world peace or it died in World War III. Armed with the recent condemnatory and directive resolution of the General Assembly, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres must be empowered to form a global alliance to enforce a no-fly zone, through a strong peacekeeping operation, a ceasefire. Responsibility

Otherwise, there is no prospect of success in addressing global challenges ranging from gender equality to food security, inclusive governance from human rights, and achieving sustainable development goals ranging from climate change and epidemic recovery. Much of the north lies in a fundamental change in Moscow, and in Russia’s withdrawal from foreign lands, its return to the rule of law and fulfillment of all its international obligations – the greatest guarantee of Russia’s own security and progress.

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